Urban Agriculture Notes

City Farmer: Canada's Office of Urban Agriculture

(with special reference to Africa)


4.3 The Rise of Urban Agriculture: How Many Do It?

by Luc J.A. Mougeot
© Copyright 1994
International Development Research Centre

As a result, urban food production has become a complex, thriving industry. More and more people in cities in the South are trying to grow some of the food they need. Globally, about 200 million urban dwellers are now urban farmers, providing food and income to about 700 million people a minority of households farm in North American cities, whereas most do so in Siberian and smaller Asian cities (DGIP/UNDP, 1993: 3). Estimates are 25% in urban USA and 65% for Moscow in 1991 (Smit and Ratta, 1992).

In Peru, more than 50% of households are reported to raise guinea pigs at home (Charbonneau, 1988: 7). In the El Alto area of La Paz, Bolivia (based on a sample of 266 households representing a range of incomes, from August 1984 to June 1985) between 31 and 55% raised small livestock for self-consumption (hens, rabbits, pigs, lambs, and ducks), with the number of self-consumers tending to increase. Animal husbandry is the main source of animal protein for households, with the low-income group representing as much as 68.1% of all animal raisers during the period. Also, between 14 and 68.4% of households grew food crops, mostly tubers, but also produce and vegetables, with the majority again being low- income growers (Prudencio, 1993: 226 229).

Go back to Table of Contents: Urban Food Production by Luc Mougeot

Go back to Urban Agriculture Notes

revised, June 12,1995

Send comments here cityfarm@unixg.ubc.ca